Jenson 纽扣 biography
of Jenson 纽扣
在他父亲（和前越野拉力赛车手）约翰的支持下， Jenson 纽扣 他在karting的卡丁车队中迅速崛起，首先是在1991年的Cadet Karting锦标赛中表现出色，赢得了所有34场比赛。
随后，卡丁车获得了进一步的成功：他三度获得英国公开赛卡丁车冠军，后来成为欧洲超级A类车史上最年轻的冠军。他还赢得了 艾尔顿塞纳 1997年纪念杯。
第二年，他在18岁的时候从卡丁车迈向了赛车。他以9场海伍德赛车的胜利赢得了英国福特方程式锦标赛冠军，并且在丹·谢尔顿（Don Wheldon）和尼古拉斯·基萨（Nicolas Kiesa）之前赢得了著名的福特方程式赛车节。他还参加了欧洲福特方程式比赛，并在欧洲锦标赛中获得第二名。
在成功过渡到赛车之后，他获得了1998年的McLaren Autosport BRDC年度最佳年轻驾驶员奖。
19岁时，他与Promatecme一起参加了英国三级方程式锦标赛，并获得了三项大奖，以年度最佳新秀的身份结束了比赛，整体排名仅次于Marc Hynes和Luciano Burti。
Frank 威廉姆斯 elected to promote either 纽扣 or Formula 3000 racer Bruno Junquiera to the race team. After comparing both in a ‘shoot-out’ test, 威廉姆斯 chose 纽扣.
纽扣 moved to 贝纳通 for 2001, but with the team in transition to 雷诺 he struggled against long-term driver 吉安卡洛·费斯切拉（Giancarlo Fisichella）。他本赛季所要表现的只是在霍根海姆环站获得单点积分。
但是随着 雷诺 taking over the team 纽扣 could look forward to a more competitive 2002.
亚诺·特鲁利 到达费斯切拉’s place for 2002 and he and 纽扣 proved quite closely matched. 纽扣 was on target for a podium finish in the second round at Sepang until a tie-rod broke in his suspension, slowing him down and letting 麦可 Schumacher by for third on the final lap.
When the car was reliable 纽扣 usually brought it home in the points, allowing him to beat Trulli to seventh at the end of the season. But team boss Flavio Briatore promoted 费尔南多·阿隆索 (whom Briatore managed) in 纽扣’s place for 2003.
Fortunately 纽扣 found a strong supporter in 酒吧’大卫·理查兹（David Richards）， 雅克·维伦纽夫，理查兹（Richards）于年底辞职。
In 2004 纽扣 became a regular visitor to the podium. The team were the closest thing 法拉利 不得不竞争对手。
A row over 纽扣’他尝试时制定的合同– and failed –回到威廉姆斯。
纽扣’s reward came the following year at Hungary. After a difficult season where the team (now taken over by 本田) had failed to deliver on their strong off-season promise, 纽扣 表现出色，在湿滑的情况下可从第14位获胜.
The team ended the year on a high, 纽扣 scoring more points than any other driver in the final six rounds
But the next season was a disaster. The Shuhei Nakamoto-designed RA107 was shockingly uncompetitive, the team even languishing behind Super Aguri (who used the 2006 本田 chassis) in the opening rounds.
纽扣 carved out a meagre six points that year, mainly thanks to a strong fifth in the rain at Shanghai. This was at least better than team mate 鲁本斯·巴里切罗（Rubens Barrichello），他根本没有得分。
Things started to go wrong for 纽扣 at his home race, where he struggled to qualifying among the leaders. But he continued to deliver the goods on race day and consistent points-scoring meant none of his three major rivals were able to keep him from the title.
After the jubilant scenes at Interlagos there came a surprising announcement: 纽扣 revealed he was leaving the team, which had been taken over by Mercedes, and moving to 迈凯轮. There he joined the driver he’d获得冠军– 刘易斯·汉密尔顿.
To the surprise of many, 纽扣 held the upper hand early on in 2010. A pair of opportunistic wins in wet races in Melbourne and Shanghai put him in the lead of the drivers’ championship.
但是在汉密尔顿的整个赛季中’s edge on raw pace told and he was usually up the road from 纽扣.
At times 纽扣’的战略赌博带来了回报，尤其是在蒙扎，蒙扎的战略赌博使他与另一场胜利相距不远。
一级方程式’s change of tyre supplier to Pirelli, and the accompanying demand for less durable and more challenging rubber to improve the quality of racing, played into 纽扣’s hands in 2011.
More so than Hamilton, 纽扣 came to understand how to get the best out of the new tyres for longer. That much was clear as early as the second race in Malaysia, where 纽扣 was able to make one fewer pit stop than Hamilton and finish in front of him.
He scored a remarkable win in Canada thanks to his skill in mixed weather conditions. Despite an early collision with Hamilton, a puncture following contact with Alonso, and a penalty, 纽扣 bounced back to reel in 塞巴斯蒂安·维特尔 as the race drew to a close. On the final lap, as the 迈凯轮 got within range of the Red Bull, Vettel slithered wide and 纽扣 stole victory.
He won again in Hungary in another race of mixed conditions, which he read better than Hamilton. A third win came in Japan, this time a straight fight between 纽扣, Vettel and Alonso –年度三大杰出人才。
The MP4-26 may not have been a championship contender, but 纽扣 ended the year runner-up to Vettel and comfortably ahead of Hamilton.
纽扣’s hopes of a competitive showing in his fourth year with 迈凯轮 were dashed early in the season. The MP4/28 was nowhere near as competitive as its predecessor, and他和新队友 塞尔吉奥·佩雷斯（Sergio Perez） 整年都没能登上领奖台。
There were several occasions when 纽扣 extracted the best the car had to offer, but that rarely amount to a finish in the top half of the points places. His best result was fourth at the season finale in Brazil.
纽扣 was dealt a terrible blow at the beginning of 2014 when his father John passed away. As a tribute, he wore a pink helmet at his home race, and continued to do so for the rest of the season.
It was a trying year for the team which was in a transitional year, using Mercedes engines for the last time and awaiting the return of 本田. Surprisingly, though 纽扣 comfortably out-scored new team mate 凯文·马格努森，他对于2015年在车队中的位置感到怀疑。
那不是’t until long after the season had ended that 迈凯轮 elected to renew 纽扣’的第六个赛季的合同。
纽扣’s reunion with 本田 was an experience disappointingly reminiscent of his frustrating 2007 and 2008 campaigns. In the first race of the year, where just 11 cars saw the chequered flag, 纽扣’s是11号。整个赛季他只有四次在得分手之中。
尽管有汽车，他对情况仍然勇敢面对’s lack of performance being aggravated by dreadful reliability. 纽扣 frequently started from the back two rows due to car failures or penalties due to engine component changes –他和新队友 费尔南多·阿隆索 在一年中创下了后者的记录。
The championship proved a greater test of 纽扣’的外交能力远胜于他的驾驶技能，但他被正式确认将于2016年再次返回车队。
本田 made a clear step forward in their second year which meant 纽扣 was able to compete for points more regularly. But only when reliability permitted: A strong opening run in Bahrain, the second race of the year, was scuppered by an engine failure. 斯托弗·凡多恩代替费尔南多·阿隆索，正式交付了团队’今年的第一点。
In the meantime he had given 迈凯轮 their strongest showing yet in the new 本田 era, qualifying third and running second at the Red Bull Ring. He eventually finished sixth.
That proved the high point of his final year. Aside from a few other minor points finishes his season ended on a low. 纽扣 struggled with the car’悬架组件断裂时，他在巴西的湿滑比赛以及他在阿布扎比的最后一场比赛结束了。
It turned out 纽扣 wasn’尚未完成F1。第二年，他回到驾驶舱参加摩纳哥的最后一场比赛，取而代之的是阿隆索（Alonso），他花了一个周末才不再兜售另一辆令人失望的本田动力迈凯伦（McLaren）参加印第安纳波利斯500赛。
Jenson 纽扣 pictures
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Jenson 纽扣 文章s
- 纽扣 says he’d拒绝摩纳哥返回，如果他没有’t want to race
- 纽扣: Monaco Grand Prix return feels “surreal”
- Alonso vs 纽扣: The result after two years
- 汉密尔顿在排位赛中表现最好，阿隆索在比赛中表现最为艰难– 纽扣
- 纽扣 reverts to 膂力 helmet design for last race
- 纽扣: “I’我以为这将是我的最后一场比赛”
- 纽扣 expects “hugely emotional” farewell
- 纽扣 relieved no one was hurt in crash-strewn race
- Jenson 纽扣’s top ten races
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