Jenson 纽扣

Jenson 纽扣 biography

在他父亲(和前越野拉力赛车手)约翰的支持下, Jenson 纽扣 他在karting的卡丁车队中迅速崛起,首先是在1991年的Cadet Karting锦标赛中表现出色,赢得了所有34场比赛。

随后,卡丁车获得了进一步的成功:他三度获得英国公开赛卡丁车冠军,后来成为欧洲超级A类车史上最年轻的冠军。他还赢得了 艾尔顿塞纳 1997年纪念杯。

第二年,他在18岁的时候从卡丁车迈向了赛车。他以9场海伍德赛车的胜利赢得了英国福特方程式锦标赛冠军,并且在丹·谢尔顿(Don Wheldon)和尼古拉斯·基萨(Nicolas Kiesa)之前赢得了著名的福特方程式赛车节。他还参加了欧洲福特方程式比赛,并在欧洲锦标赛中获得第二名。

在成功过渡到赛车之后,他获得了1998年的McLaren Autosport BRDC年度最佳年轻驾驶员奖。

19岁时,他与Promatecme一起参加了英国三级方程式锦标赛,并获得了三项大奖,以年度最佳新秀的身份结束了比赛,整体排名仅次于Marc Hynes和Luciano Burti。

他在赞德福特的F3大师赛中获得第五名,但在澳门三级方程式大奖赛上表现更好。他追赶在位的日本三级方程式锦标赛冠军,仅落后冠军0.035秒。

As the racing season drew to a close 纽扣 had his first taste of F1 machinery in a 迈凯轮 as reward for his Autosport award win the previous season. He also tested for the Prost Grand Prix team.

威廉姆斯

2000

然后在英国的一个地方出现了一个难得的机会’最著名的赛车队–威廉姆斯(Williams),现任赛车手亚历山德罗·扎纳尔迪(Alessandro Zanardi)在一个不成功的赛季后缩短了两年的合同。

Frank 威廉姆斯 elected to promote either 纽扣 or Formula 3000 racer Bruno Junquiera to the race team. After comparing both in a ‘shoot-out’ test, 威廉姆斯 chose 纽扣.

媒体很快就被Button拾起’的知名度给他留下了深刻的印象。在经历一系列车祸和厄运后,尽管他仅获得21场比赛的首场比赛资格,但他还是开了稳健的首场比赛。然后他在第二次郊游中收获了一点,成为有史以来最年轻的得分手。

尽管在霍根海姆(Hockenheim)和Spa-Francorchamps取得了令人印象深刻的表演,但他仍然无能为力,只能留在威廉姆斯的座位上 胡安·帕勃罗·蒙托亚.

贝纳通

2001

纽扣 moved to 贝纳通 for 2001, but with the team in transition to 雷诺 he struggled against long-term driver 吉安卡洛·费斯切拉(Giancarlo Fisichella)。他本赛季所要表现的只是在霍根海姆环站获得单点积分。

但是随着 雷诺 taking over the team 纽扣 could look forward to a more competitive 2002.

雷诺

2002

亚诺·特鲁利 到达费斯切拉’s place for 2002 and he and 纽扣 proved quite closely matched. 纽扣 was on target for a podium finish in the second round at Sepang until a tie-rod broke in his suspension, slowing him down and letting 麦可 Schumacher by for third on the final lap.

When the car was reliable 纽扣 usually brought it home in the points, allowing him to beat Trulli to seventh at the end of the season. But team boss Flavio Briatore promoted 费尔南多·阿隆索 (whom Briatore managed) in 纽扣’s place for 2003.

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酒吧

2003

Fortunately 纽扣 found a strong supporter in 酒吧’大卫·理查兹(David Richards), 雅克·维伦纽夫,理查兹(Richards)于年底辞职。

2004

In 2004 纽扣 became a regular visitor to the podium. The team were the closest thing 法拉利 不得不竞争对手。

A row over 纽扣’他尝试时制定的合同– and failed –回到威廉姆斯。

2005

Jenson 纽扣, 酒吧 本田 007 Launch, Circuit de Catalunya, 2005
2004年获得成功后,BAR倒退了
令人难以置信的是,在本田收购了英美汽车公司之后,他试图从威廉姆斯的合同中解脱出来,于2005年发生了同样的争执。在管家在伊莫拉的车上发现一个非法的备用油箱后,车队被禁止参加两场比赛,赛季差不多被取消。

本田

2006

纽扣’s reward came the following year at Hungary. After a difficult season where the team (now taken over by 本田) had failed to deliver on their strong off-season promise, 纽扣 表现出色,在湿滑的情况下可从第14位获胜.

The team ended the year on a high, 纽扣 scoring more points than any other driver in the final six rounds

2007

But the next season was a disaster. The Shuhei Nakamoto-designed RA107 was shockingly uncompetitive, the team even languishing behind Super Aguri (who used the 2006 本田 chassis) in the opening rounds.

纽扣 carved out a meagre six points that year, mainly thanks to a strong fifth in the rain at Shanghai. This was at least better than team mate 鲁本斯·巴里切罗(Rubens Barrichello),他根本没有得分。

2008

第二年情况变得更糟。最新的本田再次证明了步伐不佳,这次巴里切罗击败了他。整年的团队’一直专注于为2009赛季做好准备–但是在12月初,本田宣布退出这项运动,而巴顿则想知道他是否’曾经回到F1赛车上。

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膂力

2009

Jenson 纽扣, 膂力, Hungaroring, 2009
纽扣 took a stunning championship win in 2009
本田’如果他们牺牲了2008年的竞选活动以参加2009年的竞选活动,那么这项政策将获得回报。’d呆在身边看到它发生。取而代之的是,他们在2008年底将团队出售,罗斯·布朗(Ross 膂力)接管了这套服装。

纽扣留在船上,并因他的忠诚而获得回报。新车–现在被称为BGP 001和梅赛德斯动力–从它在实践中第一次转动车轮的那一刻起就引起了轰动。巴顿在2009年墨尔本首轮比赛中从杆位中获胜,并在接下来的六场比赛中再获五胜。

Things started to go wrong for 纽扣 at his home race, where he struggled to qualifying among the leaders. But he continued to deliver the goods on race day and consistent points-scoring meant none of his three major rivals were able to keep him from the title.

他通过比赛获得了巴西冠军。这是值得冠军的动力– 纽扣 started 14th after a rain-hit qualifying session but raced to fifth, passing several rivals on the way despite needing to exercise caution to defend his championship lead.

迈凯轮

After the jubilant scenes at Interlagos there came a surprising announcement: 纽扣 revealed he was leaving the team, which had been taken over by Mercedes, and moving to 迈凯轮. There he joined the driver he’d获得冠军– 刘易斯·汉密尔顿.

2010

To the surprise of many, 纽扣 held the upper hand early on in 2010. A pair of opportunistic wins in wet races in Melbourne and Shanghai put him in the lead of the drivers’ championship.

但是在汉密尔顿的整个赛季中’s edge on raw pace told and he was usually up the road from 纽扣.

At times 纽扣’的战略赌博带来了回报,尤其是在蒙扎,蒙扎的战略赌博使他与另一场胜利相距不远。

排位赛仍然是一个弱项,但是在韩国的雨中苦苦挣扎之后,他退出了争夺冠军的竞争。

2011

一级方程式’s change of tyre supplier to Pirelli, and the accompanying demand for less durable and more challenging rubber to improve the quality of racing, played into 纽扣’s hands in 2011.

More so than Hamilton, 纽扣 came to understand how to get the best out of the new tyres for longer. That much was clear as early as the second race in Malaysia, where 纽扣 was able to make one fewer pit stop than Hamilton and finish in front of him.

He scored a remarkable win in Canada thanks to his skill in mixed weather conditions. Despite an early collision with Hamilton, a puncture following contact with Alonso, and a penalty, 纽扣 bounced back to reel in 塞巴斯蒂安·维特尔 as the race drew to a close. On the final lap, as the 迈凯轮 got within range of the Red Bull, Vettel slithered wide and 纽扣 stole victory.

He won again in Hungary in another race of mixed conditions, which he read better than Hamilton. A third win came in Japan, this time a straight fight between 纽扣, Vettel and Alonso –年度三大杰出人才。

The MP4-26 may not have been a championship contender, but 纽扣 ended the year runner-up to Vettel and comfortably ahead of Hamilton.

2012

Jenson 纽扣, 迈凯轮, Interlagos, 2012
纽扣’的最终胜利来自Interlagos
纽扣’在迈凯轮车队的第三年是一场喜忧参半的比赛,他获得了三场胜利,但在赛季初,当他为最新一代的轮胎而挣扎时,步履蹒跚,成绩令人沮丧。

这结束了提早获得冠军的任何现实机会,但他在本赛季的首场比赛中获得了胜利,随后在Spa和巴西的最后一轮比赛中获胜。

2013

纽扣’s hopes of a competitive showing in his fourth year with 迈凯轮 were dashed early in the season. The MP4/28 was nowhere near as competitive as its predecessor, and他和新队友 塞尔吉奥·佩雷斯(Sergio Perez) 整年都没能登上领奖台。

There were several occasions when 纽扣 extracted the best the car had to offer, but that rarely amount to a finish in the top half of the points places. His best result was fourth at the season finale in Brazil.

2014

纽扣 was dealt a terrible blow at the beginning of 2014 when his father John passed away. As a tribute, he wore a pink helmet at his home race, and continued to do so for the rest of the season.

It was a trying year for the team which was in a transitional year, using Mercedes engines for the last time and awaiting the return of 本田. Surprisingly, though 纽扣 comfortably out-scored new team mate 凯文·马格努森,他对于2015年在车队中的位置感到怀疑。

那不是’t until long after the season had ended that 迈凯轮 elected to renew 纽扣’的第六个赛季的合同。

2015

纽扣’s reunion with 本田 was an experience disappointingly reminiscent of his frustrating 2007 and 2008 campaigns. In the first race of the year, where just 11 cars saw the chequered flag, 纽扣’s是11号。整个赛季他只有四次在得分手之中。

尽管有汽车,他对情况仍然勇敢面对’s lack of performance being aggravated by dreadful reliability. 纽扣 frequently started from the back two rows due to car failures or penalties due to engine component changes –他和新队友 费尔南多·阿隆索 在一年中创下了后者的记录。

The championship proved a greater test of 纽扣’的外交能力远胜于他的驾驶技能,但他被正式确认将于2016年再次返回车队。

2016

本田 made a clear step forward in their second year which meant 纽扣 was able to compete for points more regularly. But only when reliability permitted: A strong opening run in Bahrain, the second race of the year, was scuppered by an engine failure. 斯托弗·凡多恩代替费尔南多·阿隆索,正式交付了团队’今年的第一点。

迈凯轮在他们的两位冠军和受到高度评价的Vandoorne之间,面临着试图在2017年爬上他们的赛车的人才争夺战。巴顿在意大利大奖赛之前解决了这个问题,宣布他明年将不参加车队比赛,但是选择留在团队中作为未来的选择。

In the meantime he had given 迈凯轮 their strongest showing yet in the new 本田 era, qualifying third and running second at the Red Bull Ring. He eventually finished sixth.

That proved the high point of his final year. Aside from a few other minor points finishes his season ended on a low. 纽扣 struggled with the car’悬架组件断裂时,他在巴西的湿滑比赛以及他在阿布扎比的最后一场比赛结束了。

2017

It turned out 纽扣 wasn’尚未完成F1。第二年,他回到驾驶舱参加摩纳哥的最后一场比赛,取而代之的是阿隆索(Alonso),他花了一个周末才不再兜售另一辆令人失望的本田动力迈凯伦(McLaren)参加印第安纳波利斯500赛。

纽扣’他的回归证明这是一件令人难忘的事情:他在第19岁和最后一次与他纠缠不清时 帕斯卡·韦林,将索伯(Sauber)推倒在波尔蒂尔(Portier)的一侧,结束了双方的比赛。

随后他进入日本’超级GT系列取得了更大的成功:他与队友山本直树(Naoki Yamamoto)取得了2018年冠军,尽管两人仅在Sugo赢得了八轮比赛之一。但两人无法在2019年捍卫自己的冠军头衔,结束了第八赛季。

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